What is a Profit & Loss Account?

    The Profit & Loss account is a statement which shows the profit or loss of the business and a financial summary of how this has occurred. It usually tracks one year of performance but will include last years figures for a comparison to be drawn.

    The significance of a profit & loss account for freelancers, contractors and small businesses is generally the same. Allowing you to identify performances, analyse the date and build on it.

    Year on year you the profit & loss account enables you to see differences and track levels of sales and turnover, allowing you to measure against the product or services that you have sold. It all also contain the levels of overheads (inc. salaries, property costs and other).

    Creating the profit & loss account enables accurate projections, analyse performance and can be used to effectively grow your business.

    How to Prepare a Profit & Loss Account?

    The first step should be to have clear records of your business bank account. Make sure all incoming cash and outgoings are correct. The cash received will typically refer to sales invoices paid and expenses will relate to costs incurred by the busines to help generate sales and overheads.

    A Profit & Loss Account is made up of the following figures:

    • Your net sales
    • The cost of goods sold
    • Selling and administration expenses
    • Other Income
    • Other Expense
    Anita Forrest
    About Anita Forrest

    Anita is a Chartered Accountant with over a decade of working with small business owners. She is the creator of the ‘Go Self Employed’ website, where she simplifies complicated self-employment topics such as taxes, bookkeeping, banking and insurance.

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